Professor Toole has a joint appointment in the Divinity School, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Duke Global Health Institute. He teaches courses on theology and social science, the history and ethics of humanitarianism, and health systems and policy, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. His current research centers on the role of mission hospitals in African health systems, with a particular focus on the countries of the Nile River Basin in eastern Africa. He is the author of Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo: Theological Reflections on Nihilism, Tragedy, and Apocalypse. In addition to his teaching and his research on hospitals and health systems, he serves as the associate dean for Interdisciplinary Initiatives in the Divinity School and is the principal investigator of the Clergy Health Initiative.