CHAT: Coping with HIV/AIDS in Tanzania
Coping and Health in Tanzania (CHAT) was a four-year longitudinal study following a cohort of 1,200 HIV-negative and HIV-positive adults in Moshi, Tanzania, to assess various factors influencing adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Study participants were interviewed every six months beginning in 2008; HIV-positive individuals also underwent annual clinical assessments, including viral load testing if on antiretroviral therapy (ART).
CHAT's no-cost extension ended in 2014, analyses of previously collected CHAT data continued, resulting in additional publications:
Ostermann J, Whetten K, Reddy E, Pence B, Weinhold A, Itemba D, Maro V, Mosille E, Thielman N. Treatment retention and care transitions during and after the scale-up of HIV care and treatment in Northern Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2014;26(11):1352-8. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2014.882493.
O'Donnell K, Yao J, Ostermann J, Thielman N, Reddy E, Whetten R, Maro V, Itemba D, Pence B, Dow D, Whetten K. Low rates of child testing for HIV persist in a high-risk area of East Africa. AIDS Care. 2014;26(3):326-31.
The study provides important information about linkage to and retention in HIV care in a sub-Saharan African setting with a generalized HIV epidemic, barriers to care and treatment, and about economic and psychosocial correlates of health among those living with HIV.