Sex differences in the modifiable risk factors for non valvular atrial fibrillation at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH)
2016-05-15 02:46:17 - 2016-08-15 02:46:17
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia observed in clinical practice. AF affects approximately 33 million people globally and this number is expected to increase significantly in the next few decades. Although the prevalence of AF is lower in low income countries compared to high income countries, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is experiencing an alarming increase in the rates of AF. Studies mainly from Western Europe and North America have demonstrated sex related differences in the incidence, presentation and outcome of patients with non-valvular AF. Incident AF is more prevalent in men compared to women. On the other hand, women with AF tend to experience more symptoms and are at a higher risk of poor outcomes compared to the men. Whether the differences in the distribution and management of modifiable risk factors for AF among men and women contributes to these disparities has not been established.