A simple and inexpensive public health intervention helped prevent many cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Pakistan. The intervention, described in a study in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, will be especially helpful for protecting the kidney health of people living in developing countries.
Post-doctoral fellow Bonnie Kaiser joined the Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) last August after completing a doctorate in anthropology and a master’s in public health in epidemiology at Emory University. Kaiser conducts global mental health research with a focus on cultural aspects of measurement, communication and intervention design, and it was DGHI’s growing global mental health initiative—along with her long-standing collaboration with DGHI faculty members Brandon Kohrt and Deborah Jenson—that drew her to Duke.
A study led by adjunct Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) faculty member John Crump in 2007-2008 revealed that more than 60 percent of patients admitted with fever in northern Tanzania were diagnosed with malaria, but less than two percent of those patients actually had malaria. In a new study, Crump, now an adjunct DGHI faculty member, is leading a research team that will attempt to better understand the causes of death among patients admitted to hospital with severe fever in northern Tanzania and identify interventions that could avert fatal outcomes among these patients.
But last fall, Subhashini “Shubha” Chandrasekharan, assistant research professor of global health, headed to Washington DC to embark on a new challenge: an American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Technology Policy Fellowship with USAID’s Global Development Lab. We recently talked with her about her experience in the fellowship program.
Seventeen DGHI faculty members, staff and affiliates recently shared new discoveries on a variety of global health topics in peer-reviewed publications.
More than half of tuberculosis (TB) patients in Chinese hospitals are treated incorrectly, and the over-use of second-line TB drugs poses a serious problem, according to researchers from a project involving the Global Health Research Center (GHRC) at Duke Kunshan University, the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Better oral hygiene and regular dental visits may be associated with a slower rate of cognitive decline as people age, but the strength of the evidence is weak. These findings, published recently in the Journal of the American Society of Geriatrics by nursing and global health professor Bei Wu and her colleagues, come from the first systematic review of the medical literature to examine studies focused on oral health and cognition.
In a recent study, associate research professor of global health Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell and her colleagues discovered that factors that decrease the likelihood of mental health problems such as depression and anxiety are not necessarily the same as those that promote positive mental health (PMH).
Last week, the new BMJ publication BMJ Global Health published a roadmap to expanding access to surgical care around the world. Duke Global Health Institute professor Gavin Yamey is one of the co-authors.
The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) has awarded grants for two research projects focused on maternal, adolescent and child health—one of DGHI’s research priorities. One award was given to Sallie Permar, associate professor of pediatrics, immunology, and molecular genetics and microbiology, and the other to Eric Green, assistant professor of global health.