Chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer, diabetes and stroke are by far the leading cause of death worldwide. Even in sub-Saharan Africa where mortality due to HIV/AIDS is high, the global disease burden has shifted. Globally, chronic diseases now account for more deaths than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined. In the US, it is estimated that nearly half of all adults will be obese by 2030.
As program leaders, researchers and policymakers address this shift, DGHI researchers have found more of an overlap than a divide. DGHI researchers have found that HIV-positive individuals in East Africa are increasingly fighting obesity and high blood pressure.
Faculty are addressing chronic diseases from a variety of vantage points, including health economics, obesity prevention programs and new technologies tailored for higher-risk populations to manage weight-loss.