The southern United States continues to bear the heaviest HIV burden in the country, with the highest rates of new HIV diagnoses and people living with diagnosed HIV. According to the CDC, in 2013, the South accounted for 51 percent of all new HIV diagnoses in the country and 43 percent of all persons living with HIV, while comprising only 38 percent of the U.S. population. Death rates with HIV as the underlying cause were highest in the southern region.
$25,000 is a small amount in the world of million dollar research grants. But for Wendy Prudhomme-O’Meara, associate professor of medicine and global health, that drop in the bucket has catalyzed quick translation of promising ideas into a new research project. O’Meara received a supplemental award from the Duke Translational Research Institute this past April. These small grants support development of unanticipated opportunities discovered while working on a government-funded grant.
Seventeen DGHI faculty members, staff and affiliates recently shared new discoveries on a variety of global health topics in peer-reviewed publications.
An independent group of 19 experts from around the globe, co-chaired by adjunct global health professor Muhammad Pate, has issued a hard-hitting analysis of the global response to the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, published in The Lancet. The panel was convened by the Harvard Global Health Institute and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The report offers 10 major reform proposals to prevent future such catastrophes.
Paul Park, a 2013 graduate of the Master of Science in Global Health program at the Duke Global Health Institute, is making a significant impact on non-communicable disease (NCD) care in sub-Saharan Africa.
Nanjala Wafula, a second-year Master of Science in Global Health student from Eldoret, Kenya, is passionate about eradicating malaria. Wafula’s global health path began when she worked as a research assistant on malaria projects in Kenya led by Duke medicine and global health professor Wendy Prudhomme-O’Meara.
There are many measures of a successful global health research project: it engages both community leaders and those affected by the problem; it exceeds expectations for enrollment; it provides opportunities for students; it yields multiple peer-reviewed publications; it leads to policy recommendations; it spawns new research paths and funding opportunities; and, most importantly, it leads to real improvements in the health of the community.
According to David Boyd, associate professor of global health, millions of dollars have been spent in Guatemala to fight stunted growth, and yet the funding and interventions have had virtually no impact. That’s why he’s leading the development of a research-based, culturally appropriate nutrition intervention to address this prevalent and persistent issue in the poorer communities surrounding Lake Atitlán in Guatemala.
Duke Kunshan University (DKU) was selected in late 2014 by the World Health Organization's Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (APO) as one of three research hubs. Dedicated to the strengthening of health care systems in Asia, the research hub has been awarded funding for three projects, which were developed by DKU professors Abu Abdullah and Lijing Yan and collaborators from Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore and Peking University.
Several faculty members at Duke are collaborating with the Roosevelt Hospital in Guatemala City on a new clinical training initiative to improve the surgical care of children in Guatemala. In October, Gustavo Perez and Daniela Palencian, clinical residents at the Roosevelt Hospital, were the first visiting scholars in a new program for international trainees to rotate at Duke and University of North Carolina (UNC) hospitals to learn advanced pediatric surgical and anesthesia skills.